The Physical Features (Geography) And Land Use Pattern

Gondia district is unique in Maharashtra in sense that the entire area of the district is occupied by metamorphic rock and alluvium.
The brief description of various lithorites is given below :
Age Formation Lithology
Pleistocene to Recent Alluvium and Lalerite Silt, Sand, Gravel, Laterite
Protozoic Vindhyan Super Group Quartzite and Shale
  Doongargarh Super Group Andesite, Sandstone granite, Ehyolite
  Sausar Group Muscovite-boitite-schist, Granite, Tirodi Gneiss
  Sakoli Group Schist, Phyllites, Quartzite
Archaean Amagon Group Granite & Gneisses

-    Alluvium is developed all along major river courses such as Bagh, Chulbandh and Gadavi.
-    Laterites are distributed all over the district but observed prominently in S.Arjuni and Arjuni Moregaon.
-    Metamorphic rocks like various granites, Gneiss, Schists, Phylites etc. are exposed throughout district.
-   Gondia district is rich in economic minerals like manganese, kyonite, sillimanite corundum and pyrophyllite.

Geomorphologically the district can be divided into two parts
1)    The north-Western, north eastern, south-eastern and central parts which have structural units like hills and ridges.
2)    The northen, north-central, west central, south and south-west portions having undulating topography over denudational units like pediments and fluvial units

The important geomophological units identified in the are are below
Nature of Unit Land form
1.  Structral origin Structral hills and structral ridges
2.  Denudational Origin Pediments/Pediplains, denudational
3.  Fluvial Origin Older and younger alluvium.

Land Use Pattern
Agricultural land : which comprises of Forest Land which includes Waste land comprising of Water bodies which include Other comprising of mining area
Kharip decicuous Forest Land with or without scrub Lakes and reserviors The largest land use category in the district is that of agriculture.  Pecidious forest constitute 90% of total area under forest which is maximum in south east and central parts
Rabi Degarded forest Barren rocky/stony waste Rivers and streams  
Double crop Forest blank      
Forest plantation      

The following table gives the figures for land use in Gondia district
Land use/Land Cover Category Area in He. Percentage to the total Geographical area
Built up land 1155 1.36
Agricultural land 1,98,750 41.19
Forest Land 1,36,175 35.05
Waste Land 17,511 4.51
Waterbodies 34,619 8.91
Total 5,88,209 100.00

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