The Physical Features (Geography) And Land
Gondia district is unique in Maharashtra in sense
that the entire area of the district is occupied by metamorphic rock and alluvium.
The brief description of various lithorites is
|Pleistocene to Recent
||Alluvium and Lalerite
||Silt, Sand, Gravel, Laterite
||Vindhyan Super Group
||Quartzite and Shale
||Doongargarh Super Group
||Andesite, Sandstone granite, Ehyolite
||Muscovite-boitite-schist, Granite, Tirodi Gneiss
||Schist, Phyllites, Quartzite
||Granite & Gneisses
- Alluvium is developed all
along major river courses such as Bagh, Chulbandh and Gadavi.
- Laterites are distributed all
over the district but observed prominently in S.Arjuni and Arjuni Moregaon.
- Metamorphic rocks like
various granites, Gneiss, Schists, Phylites etc. are exposed throughout district.
- Gondia district is rich in
economic minerals like manganese, kyonite, sillimanite corundum and pyrophyllite.
Geomorphologically the district can be divided
into two parts
1) The north-Western, north
eastern, south-eastern and central parts which have structural units like hills and
2) The northen, north-central,
west central, south and south-west portions having undulating topography over denudational
units like pediments and fluvial units
important geomophological units identified in the are are below
|Nature of Unit
|1. Structral origin
||Structral hills and structral ridges
|2. Denudational Origin
|3. Fluvial Origin
||Older and younger alluvium.
Land Use Pattern
The major land use categories in district include
1) Buildup land
2) Agricultural land : which comprises of
a) Kharip b) Rabi c) Double crop
3) Forest Land which includes a) decicuous
Forest b) Degarded forest c) Forest blank d) Forest plantation
4) Waste land comprising of
a) Land with or
5) Water bodies which include
a) Lakes and
b) Rivers and
6) Other comprising of mining area
The largest land use category in the district is that of agriculture. Pecidious
forest constitute 90% of total area under forest which is maximum in south east and
The following table gives the figures for land use in Gondia district
|Land use/Land Cover Category
||Area in He.
||Percentage to the total Geographical area
|Built up land
Every attempt has been made to mention the correct information at the time of creating the WebPages. However, the contents provided on these WebPages may be used for initial information only and will be subject to upgradation by Office of The Collector from time to time.