Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) is a job guarantee scheme for rural Indians. It was enacted by legislation on 25 August 2005. The programme aims at enhancing livelihood security of the rural poor by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. Major goals are : –
- To provide Social protection for the most vulnerable people living in rural India by providing employment opportunities to them
- To provide Livelihood security for the poor through creation of durable assets, improved water security, soil conservation and higher land productivity.
- To have efficient Drought-proofing and flood management in rural India.
- Empowerment of the socially disadvantaged people, especially women, Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Schedules Tribes (STs), through the processes of a rights-based legislation
- Strengthening decentralized, participatory planning through convergence of various anti-poverty and livelihoods initiatives.
- Deepening democracy at the grass-roots by strengthening Panchayat Raj Institutions
- Effecting greater transparency and accountability in governance